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Bottoms Nursery | 519 Pullians Roaad | Concord GA 30206 | (770) 884-5661
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Culture
Clean cultivation is recommended for the first two years to eliminate competition from the weeds and grass. NEVER CULTIVATE DEEPLY AT ANY TIME – two inches is the maximum depth recommended. Frequent, shallow cultivation is recommended until the plants have filled out the trellis. Cultivation is discontinued at the end of the second year. Normal tillage with a disc harrow ( three or four inches deep) will root-prune Muscadine plants severely. After the vines start producing, deep cultivation will in all probability cause the vines to cast off the fruit crop, because of the shock form root injury. Muscadine grapes (vitis rotundifolia) is an entirely different species than bunch grapes and have different growth habits and cultural needs, therefore, disregard all recommendations pertaining to bunch grape (vitis labrusca and vitis vinifera) culture. When cultivation is discontinued, plant a cover crop (Crimson clover is recommended). The clover will take nitrogen form the air and add it to the soil, thus saving fertilizer and conserving energy. The lush growth of the clover in the spring helps retard fungus disease problems by suppressing the early spores so that they do not become airborne, thus preventing build-up on the foliage. This prevents heavy fungus infection later in the season. The use of rotary mower to control weeds and grass creates a build-up of clippings which help conserve moisture in the soil, prevents erosion and lowers the temperature of the soil around the roots of the Muscadine plants. This type of culture stimulates the natural habitat of Muscadine grapes. Weed control chemicals should be USED VERY SPARINGLY AND WITH CAUTION FOR BOTH MAN AND PLANTS. Several good herbicides are available; CHECK THE LABEL, always REMEMBER THAT IF A LITTLE BIT OF WEED CONTROL CHEMICAL DID GOOD – MORE KILLED THE VINEYARD. Never apply herbicides when the wind is blowing in order to avoid drift. After several years of experience in using herbicides, we question the advisability of their use. Do the advantages off-set the damage caused? Herbicides cause retardation of growth or injury to plants which have had mechanical weed control. The barren area which results from chemical treatment allows heat build-up of the soil in summer allows spores of fungus diseases to become air-borne early in the spring; and allows erosion problems all year. The mechanical equipment, now available, will control vegetation without causing these problems. < Back
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